Seawater is entering a decaying oil tanker off the coast of Yemen

Cairo (AP) – The United Nations says an abandoned oil tanker loaded with one million barrels of crude oil off the coast of Yemen is at risk of rupturing or exploding, causing damage to marine life, detachment factories and extensive damage in the Red Sea. International shipping route.

Meanwhile, Huthi rebels controlling the area have denied access to the ship by UNN inspectors. Internal documents obtained by the Associated Press show that seawater has entered the tanker’s engine compartment, which has not been maintained for more than five years, increasing the risk of pipeline damage and drowning. Some parts of the rusty tanker have leaked and inert gas which prevents the tanks from collecting combustible gases has erupted. Experts say maintenance is no longer possible as the ship’s damage is irreversible.

For several years, the U.S. FSO has been trying to send inspectors to determine the damage to the ship known as safe and to find ways to protect the tanker by lowering the oil and pulling the ship to safety.

But a European diplomat, a Yemeni government official and the owner of the tanker company said the elephants had resisted the rebels. The diplomat said the rebels were treating the ship as a “deterrent to having nuclear weapons.” All three spoke on condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the issue.

The diplomat said, “They have said publicly in the United States, ‘If we want to attack, we want to hold something against the international community.'” The elephants must be responsible for the failure of the United States to look at the ship. “

The diplomat said money was also a problem, adding that the Hatiyas first wanted millions of dollars in exchange for oil stored in tankers. The diplomat added that the United States was trying to reach a system where money could be used to pay for workers and employees at Yemen’s Red Sea port, the diplomat added.

Some experts, however, have criticized both Hatice and the United States for failing to fully understand the severity of the crisis over the abandoned ship.

Ian Ralby, I.R. Its founder, Conselium, who specializes in maritime and resource protection, told the AP that US efforts to send a team to determine the ship were “in vain.” What the ship needs is a rescue team, he said.

“It’s a real shame they’ve wasted so much money and time on this futile operation,” Ralby said. “If you continue to get an easy team to evaluate these years, we won’t have a second chance to rescue you.”

Rankey, who has written extensively on the tanker, told the AP that falling oil prices would be much more than the million-dollar oil the ship would spend to clean up environmental damage from an explosion or leak.

But the Houthis have refused to back down.

Rebel leader Mohammed Ali al-Houthi blamed the United States and Saudi Arabia for not allowing the rebels to sell oil, and said in a Twitter post on June 16 that any “catastrophic consequences” The two countries will be responsible.

Iran-backed Houthi rebels have taken control of western Red Sea ports, including Ras Isa, since the FSO safe tanker moved away from the 190s. They are fighting an internationally recognized government, backed by the Saudi-led coalition and the United States. President Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi is in exile in Saudi Arabia and his government in despair.

The floating tanker is a Japanese-built ship built in the 1970s and sold to the Yemeni government in the 19th decade for the export of 3 million barrels pumped from an oil field in the Marib region of the eastern Yemeni province. The ship is 36 meters (118 feet) long with 34 storage tanks.

A senior official at the state-owned oil company in charge of the tanker said that because of the shrinking operational budget, which would have been about কোটি 20 million a year before the war, the company could no longer afford to buy the fuel needed to run the boilers. Puts an inert gas in the thing that prevents the explosion from flowing. The tanker requires 11,000 tons of fuel, which costs about 8 8 million per year.

“Most of the equipment and tanker machines have been shut down since the boilers stopped because they all depend on steam power,” company officials said. These include machines that power the ventilation system, which reduces moisture and prevents corrosion, he said.

Since 2015, the ship’s annual maintenance has been completely shut down, and most of the crew members disembarked after pressure from a Saudi-led coalition land, sea and air embargo before the Saudi-led coalition conducted a massive air campaign. To remove Huthi rebels from their occupied territories, including the capital Sanaa.

Yemen’s civil war has wreaked havoc in most areas under Houthi control. The proximity of the tanker to the rival port of Hodeidah has raised fears that a stray shell or bullet could hit Tanger, causing a massive explosion or oil spill in the Red Sea.

Hodeidah was at the center of Yemen’s civil war in 2018 when coalition forces made great strides in capturing the important port of northern Yemen, where most Yemenis live and where elephants enjoy complete control. A peace deal brokered by the United States ended the offensive but failed to achieve peace or seize Houthis’ ports.

For the past two years, the exiled Yemeni government, the United States and Western diplomats have been sounding the alarm and pressuring Houthis to secure the tanker. The rebels initially agreed to let inspectors inspect the tanker but later backtracked.

Top Houthi leaders have often lashed out at the international community’s warnings.

“The lives of shrimp are more valuable to the United States and its allies than to the lives of Yemeni citizens. Did they care about Israel’s presence in their ships or in the Red Sea? Mohammad Ali Al-Houthi wrote in a Twitter post on May 25. “Why is it safer than the blockade and attack on the Americans, the British, the Saudis, the Emirati and their allies?” He added that the US-backed, Saudi-led coalition is targeting rebels in Yemen.

Yahya Sharaf Eddin, deputy head of the Yemen Red Sea Port Corporation, defended the Hatis rebels and told the AP that the group had instructed port authorities to assist U.S. inspectors. He said the Saudi-led coalition had refused to give the United States the green light on the crumbling tanker.

The longer the delay in reaching a settlement on the ship, the greater the risk, Sharaf Eddin said.

A recent internal government memo obtained by the AP found earlier this month that a diving team was dispatched by the state oil company, which owned a tanker to seal the ship’s hole that could enter the seawater engine room.

The July 13 report said the divers were able to make repairs, but it is still unclear whether work will be carried out.

“We believe that the plugs / seals that were installed to prevent seawater from entering the engine room will not be able to hold / hold for long,” the report said.

Yemen’s oil minister – who is linked to the Saudi-backed government – sent a letter to the prime minister in April, and by the AP, a letter from Yemen’s oil minister prior to October 2012 found other problems with the tanker.

“Some parts of the tanker, including rusty equipment, were left behind, the firefighting system stopped working, and even worse, the oil covering the inside of the tanks was leaked,” he said. It was used to protect tankers from exploding, “the letter said.

The oil minister’s letter recommended three different ways to deal with the tanker: repair, pump the oil to another ship, or remove the tanker and unload it safely at another port.

The minister wrote that the best solution was to take the ship to another port as it was in a “wreckage condition”.

“In order to do your best and to save Yemen and the region from environmental hazards, we are informing you of this dangerous situation,” he wrote.

The letter comes just months after the U.S. Project Forces, known as UNOPS, tendered to hire an international agency to inspect the ship following an initial agreement with Houthis.

The United States recruited a team of experts and stationed them in Djibouti. AP received a copy of the tender letter and documents, along with a list of equipment required, including a proposed inspection program by experts and a gas detector and oil sampling kit.

But Houthis withdrew from the deal before sending repair workers to Yemen.

The UN’s humanitarian chief, Mark Locke, told the U.S. Security Council last year that the U.S. assessment team was ready to deploy but that “necessary permissions are still pending with Ansar al-Qaeda authorities regarding Houthis.”

“I just want to mention that it is extra frustrating when someone recalls that the same authority requested the UN for tanker assistance earlier last year and promised to make our job easier,” he added.

Yemeni ports official Sharaf Eddin has accused the UN of favoring the Saudi alliance and misleading the public by blaming Hatis for the delay.

“This is the same United States that is using the Yemen tragedy to raise funds and then it will be spent on its own staff,” he said, echoing the widely held anti-UN rhetoric in Houthis. Emotions. He added that in 2017 the coalition refused to give access to fuel containers to go to safe tankers to run power generators. “What is Huthis’ interest in disaster prevention? Any spark can cause a massive explosion, ”he admitted.

He delivered letters last summer to Houthi-appointed government officials, including a foreign minister, approving the visit by the UN. European diplomats, however, said the Houthis had revoked their initial approval and placed new conditions on US operations.

The United States has repeatedly warned that delays in taking steps to make the FSO safer could lead to a man-made environmental catastrophe in the Red Sea, four times more than the spread of ExxonMobil oil.

The Exxon Valdez disaster in 1989 was the largest oil spill in U.S. history. The tanker spilled about 300,000 barrels of dense, toxic crude oil into Alaska’s Prince William Sound. Several deer, sea otters and birds were soaked in oil and hundreds of miles of coastline were polluted. This spill makes a living for hundreds of commercial fishermen in the area.

A senior official of the state-owned company in charge of the tanker appealed to the international community for help, saying that the spread of such oil off the coast of Yemen could accelerate Yemen’s growing humanitarian catastrophe.

তিনি বলেছিলেন, “বিপর্যয় যে কোনও মুহূর্তে ঘটতে পারে, ইয়েমেনকে এক ভয়াবহ, আসন্ন বিপর্যয় থেকে উদ্ধার করবে যা দশকের পর বছর ধরে ইয়েমেনের বোঝা আরও বাড়িয়ে দেবে এবং হাজার হাজার মানুষকে তাদের জীবনযাত্রার উৎস থেকে বঞ্চিত করবে এবং লোহিত সাগরে সামুদ্রিক জীবনকে হত্যা করবে। “

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